Personality profile

Photo: František (Fraňo) Dostalík

František (Fraňo) Dostalík

27 Feb 1896 Málinec-Hámor – 14 Oct 1944 Bratislava

classical music
composition

Bio

Bio

1914
graduation at the teacher's school in Lučenec
1914 – 1922
teacher and organist in Prievidza, Sebedražie, Martin and at the gymnasium in Banská Bystrica
1919 – 1921
after creation of the Czecho-Slovak Republic unfinished studies at the Conservatory in Brno (composition and conducting with L. Janáček)
1923 – 1927
taught music and singing at the teacher's school in Spišská Kapitula
1927 – 1944
taught at the Hungarian gymnasium and at the teacher's school in Bratislava

“Dostalík's ambition and confidence to succeed as a composer was restricted by insufficient technical erudition, low self-criticism and an impatience to acquire the necessary foundations of professional compositional training. According to historical criticism his music was characterized by form amorphousness and inventive fragmentation. As a composer, he was active in several kinds of music. In addition to vocal and instrumental chamber work, he also tried to compose an opera (using a score of Radúz and Mahuliena he applied to the competition of Cs. Artistic Club in New York for an original Slovak opera, but it was unsuccessful). Dostalík was a nationally oriented composer, trying to use Slovak song folklore, and in his vocal compositions he set to music the newer domestic poetry (Vajanský, Hviezdoslav, Rázus, Braxatoris, and mainly Krasko). Although he did not have the artistic or creative preconditions to join the new generation of Slovak musical modernism, he was connected with its program orientation by an interest in new music, more rhapsodically than systematically (e.g. the lecture of A. Hába in Bratislava motivated him to compose pieces using a micro-interval system – the choral pieces Cantate Dominum Canticum Novum, Slovensko moje / My Slovakia – but also to create quarter-tone harmonies). Dostalík's continuous relationship with new music is documented in retained criticism, glossaries, and reviews (cca 200 posts from1927-41). From them the composer's passion and appreciation for music of composers of the 20th century which was performed in Bratislava between two wars is evident (L. Janáček, B. Bartók, I. Stravinsky, S. Prokofiev). His manuscripts have been lost. From his production (30 compositions) retain only two (published) choirs. This makes it difficult to objectively and comprehensively evaluate Dostalík's compositional activity. Bibliographic processing of his critical activities was prepared by J. Potúček (1987).”

 

(CHALUPKA, Ľubomír: František (Fraňo) Dostalík. In: 100 slovenských skladateľov. Ed. Marián Jurík, Peter Zagar. Bratislava : Národné hudobné centrum, 1998, p. 82.)

Works

  • opera
  • Radúz a Mahuliena op. 10

    1926 TEXT: J. Zeyer
  • Herodes a Herodias

    zamýšľané dielo TEXT: P. O. Hviezdoslav
  • operetta
  • Gim

    zamýšľané dielo
  • melodrama
  • Zakliata dcéra

    1927, frag. TEXT: ľud.
    SCORING: spk, pf
  • Zuzanka Hraškovie

    1927, strat. TEXT: P. O. Hviezdoslav
    SCORING: spk, pf
  • Na Bradle op. 16

    1928, strat. TEXT: M. Braxatoris-Sládkovičov
    SCORING: spk, pf
  • Na úhoroch

    1929 SCORING: spk, pf
  • Odkaz Pribinov

    1933, strat.
  • symphony orchestra
  • Bagatela op. 20

    1931, frag. SCORING: orch
  • Symfónia

    frag., skica SCORING: orch
  • piano or piano four hands
  • Tri skladby op. 5

    1924, zach. 3. časť SCORING: pf
  • Štyri skladby op. 7

    1925, strat. SCORING: pf
  • Tri dunajské bagately

    1927, strat. SCORING: pf
  • Sonatína

    1928, rev. 1940, strat. SCORING: pf4m
  • Toccata

    frag. SCORING: pf
  • two instruments
  • Sonáta č. 1 G-lýdická op. 1

    1923, strat. SCORING: vn, pf
  • Sonáta č. 2 D dur op. 8

    1925, zach. husľový part SCORING: vn, pf
  • Sonáta č. 3 op. 11

    1926, strat. SCORING: vn, pf
  • Sonáta č. 4 C dur op. 13

    1927 SCORING: vn, pf
  • Sonáta č. 5 Dórická

    1929, zach. 1. časť SCORING: vn, pf
  • solo voice(s) with piano accompaniment
  • Tri piesne

    1922 TEXT: I. Krasko
    SCORING: v, pf
  • Vyznanie

    1922 TEXT: E. Boleslav Lukáč
    SCORING: v, pf
  • Dve piesne op. 3

    1922, zach. 1. pieseň TEXT: I. Krasko, I. Grebáč Orlov
    SCORING: v, pf
  • Už nad vodami op. 17

    1922/28 TEXT: I. Krasko
    SCORING: v, pf/orch
  • Malý drotár

    1936 TEXT: S. Hurban-Vajanský
    SCORING: v, pf
  • solo voice(s)
  • Cirkumdederunt jelšín

    TEXT: I. Grebáč Orlov
    SCORING: v
  • Posledný raz

    TEXT: I. Grebáč Orlov
    SCORING: v
  • music for theatre
  • Cvrčok na ohnisku op. 20

    1929, strat. TEXT: Ch. Dickens
    SCORING: orch
  • choral
  • Spevácky pozdrav

    TEXT: M. Rázus
    SCORING: CM/CMa
  • Päť zborov na ľudovú poéziu op. 9

    1925, zach. č. 2, 5 SCORING: CMa, CM
  • Cantate Dominum canticum novum

    1936, strat.
  • mixed choir
  • Nox et solitudo op. 12

    1925 TEXT: I. Krasko
    SCORING: CM
  • Naša vlasť

    1936 TEXT: M. Jevjak
    SCORING: CM
  • male choir
  • Dva zbory op. 2

    1923, zach. 1. skladba TEXT: S. Hurban-Vajanský
    SCORING: CMa
  • Šesť zborov op. 6

    1925, zach. č. 1-5 TEXT: M. Rázus
    SCORING: CMa
  • Večný Rím

    1927, strat. SCORING: CMa
  • Slovensko moje

    1937, strat. SCORING: CMa
  • children's choir
  • Z jari

    TEXT: Ľ. Podjavorinská
    SCORING: CB
  • Prosba vtáčkov

    1944 TEXT: Ľ. Podjavorinská
    SCORING: CB

Bibliography

  • Studies (Book Chapters, Dictionary Entries, Scholarly Articles)
  • KURAJDOVÁ, Ema: František Dostalík (1896-1944) – dokumenty k životu a tvorbe
    2000 Slovenská hudba year 26, 2000, no. 1-2, p. 166–206
  • CHALUPKA, Ľubomír: František (Fraňo) Dostalík [heslo]
    1998 100 slovenských skladateľov (ed. M. Jurík, P. Zagar), National Music Centre 1998, p. 82–84
  • ŠÍPKA, Miloš: František Dostalík (1896 – 1944) : Skice k životopisu
    1996 Hudobný život year 28, 1996, no. 5, p. 5
  • JURÍK, Marián: František Dostalík (1896 – 1944) : Rozporná či tragická osobnosť
    1996 Hudobný život year 28, 1996, no. 5, p. 5
  • VAJDA, Igor: Slovenská opera
    1988 Opus, Bratislava 1988, p. 26–27
  • POTÚČEK, Juraj: Fraňo Dostalík (1896 – 1944). Pohľady na slovenský hudobný život : Antológia príspevkov a literatúry
    1987 Bratislava 1987
  • Fraňo Dostalík [heslo]
    1986 Slovenský biografický slovník : I. zväzok, A – D, Matica slovenská, Martin 1986, p. 497
  • ŠAMKO, Milo: Dosah názorov Aloisa Hábu na Slovensko
    1984 Česká a slovenská skladateľská tvorba vo vzájomnej kontinuite a ovplyvnení (1918 – 1983) : Referáty prednesené na muzikologickej konferencii v rámci BHS 1984, City Cente of Culture and Leisure Time, Bratislava 1984, p. 39–47
  • BURLAS, Ladislav: Slovenská hudobná moderna
    1983 Obzor, Bratislava 1983, p. 40
  • ŠAMKO, Milo: Prínos Fraňa Dostalíka do hudobnej kritiky 30. rokov
    1983 Zrod a vývoj slovenskej národnej moderny : Referáty prednesené na muzikologickej konferencii v rámci BHS 1983, City Cente of Culture and Leisure Time, Bratislava 1983, p. 51–56
  • NOVÁČEK, Zdenko: Fraňo Dostalík – Janáčkov slovenský žiak
    1979 Hudobný život year 11, 1979, no. 4, p. 8
  • HOZA, Štefan: Škola a hudba : Hudba a spev v prvom učiteľskom ústave na Slovensku III.
    1978 Hudobný život year 10, 1978, no. 21, p. 2
  • HOZA, Štefan: Škola a hudba : Hudba a spev v prvom učiteľskom ústave na Slovensku II.
    1978 Hudobný život year 10, 1978, no. 20, p. 2
  • JURÍK, Marián (ed.): Fraňo Dostalík [heslo]
    1969 Malá encyklopédia hudby, Obzor, Bratislava 1969, p. 132
  • ŠAMKO, Jozef: Fraňo Dostalík [heslo]
    1963 Čs. hudební slovník osob a institucí, zv. I., State Music Publisher, Praha 1963, p. 257–258
  • kol.: Dejiny slovenskej hudby
    1957 Slovak Academy of Sciences, Bratislava 1957, p. 418
  • HUDEC, Konštantín: Vývin hudobnej kultúry na Slovensku
    1949 SAVU, Bratislava 1949, p. 105
  • ZAVARSKÝ, Ernest: Súčasná slovenská hudba
    1947 Závodský, Bratislava 1947, p. 11–12
  • PAZDÍREK, Oldřich (ed.): Fraňo Dostalík [heslo]
    1937 Pazdírkův slovník naučný II., Brno 1937, p. 201
  • Art Critique and Journalism
  • KVĚT, J.: Debut Fraňa Dostalíka
    1927 Robotnícke noviny 1927, no. 106


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