• 1934 – 1942

    Secondary grammar school in Lipník, concurrently studied basics of violin playing (R. Kundl), musical theory and harmony (J. Vašíček)

  • 1942 – 1950

    with interruption due to World War II, Brno Conservatory (piano – Zuzana Zámečníková, organ – Josef Černocký, composition – Vilém Petrželka, conducting – Bohumír Liška)

  • 1950 – 1953

    Academy of Performing Arts, Bratislava, (conducting – Václav Talich, piano – Štefan Németh-Šamorínsky, composition – Ján Cikker)

  • 1954 – 1957

    assistant conductor of Slovak Philharmonic

  • 1957 – 1968

    conductor of Slovak Philharmonic

  • 1957 – 1959

    Academy of Music in Vienna (extraordinary student of H. Swarovský)

  • 1966

    assistant conductor-in-chief of the Leningrad Philharmonic Jevgeny Mravinsky

  • 1969 – 1975

    conductor-in-chief of the Workers’ Philharmonic (today the Bohuslav Martinu Philharmonic in Zlín)

  • 1973

    debut with Czech Philharmonic

  • 1975 – 1978

    leader of the opera and conductor at the State Theatre in Košice

  • from 1979

    conductor-in-chief of Cairo Symphony and the Iraqi National Philharmonic Orchestra in Baghdad, later conductor at the opera in Istanbul

  • 1984

    return to former Czechoslovakia

  • 1989 – 2006

    teacher at the Conservatory and Academy of Performing Arts, Bratislava (pupils: Róbert Stankovský, Mário Košik, Branislav Kostka, Samuel Bill, Oskar Rózsa, Norbert Baxa, Martin Majkút, Juraj Valčuha, Martin Leginus, Miloslav Osvald, Konstantin Ilievsky etc.)

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